Category: Estate Administration/Probate

Estate Planning Family Meeting

One often-overlooked aspect of estate planning is the family meeting. Family meetings are important to the estate planning process because they allow you to communicate your wishes to your loved ones while you are capable of doing so. Transparency with your family is vital in order to lessen any surprises to them after your death, to reduce or eliminate fighting between your beneficiaries, and to explain any steps you have taken and the reasons for those steps. A meeting can also be a good time to resolve any conflict between your family members and to set general expectations about the distribution of your assets as well as any decisions you have made about your end-of-life care. If possible, it is best to schedule a family meeting when you are in good health, and after your estate planning documents have already been signed.

A well-planned family meeting will allow everyone to have access to the same information at once and will give family members a chance to ask questions to better understand your wishes and their roles after your death. You may wish to have a neutral third party such as your estate planning attorney present if you feel that there may be potential conflict needing to be resolved. Your attorney may also be able to better explain the legal documents that you will be discussing.

Documents for Estate Planning Family Meeting

Some of the documents that your family will need to know about include your advance healthcare directives, such as your healthcare power of attorney, living will, and/or do-not-resuscitate order. This will let them know who you have authorized to make healthcare decisions on your behalf should you become incapacitated. Since this is a difficult topic and discussion could become emotional, it may be wise to cover this at the beginning of your meeting, while everyone is calm and emotions are under control. Try to keep the tone of the meeting positive as well. Remember – while the conversation may be uncomfortable, the long term peace of mind you are hoping to achieve for everyone involved will make the conversation worthwhile.

Other items to discuss with your family are how you have structured your estate, your will, and any trusts that you have created. The family meeting is a perfect time to potentially disclose your assets to your family members, as well as address any nonfinancial assets. Your family may have sentimental items they would like to request. Some people choose to make lists of these requests to include in their wills.

How to Plan Your Estate Family Meeting

1. Create An Agenda

Decide what you need to discuss and in what order to discuss it.

2. Decide Who to Invite

Next, decide who to invite – usually, any fiduciaries, children, and sometimes grandchildren. Take into consideration that holding two meetings may be necessary if you have a blended family and your plan is to keep assets separate. It may be helpful to get input from your estate planning attorney about who should be at your family meeting and what documents people will need to see.

3. Announce the Meeting to Invitees

After your preliminary planning is finished, announce the meeting to your invitees. Try to announce the meeting in a way that does not create any alarm – for instance, letting your invitees know that you are in good health and that a family meeting is a normal part of estate planning will help to alleviate their worries. Make sure that you make the reason for the meeting clear so that everyone can be emotionally prepared and nobody is blindsided by the topics you will discuss. If possible, try to schedule the meeting as its own event, and not on a holiday or a day that may be significant to someone in your family, such as a birthday. While your goal should be for everyone to have a positive experience, if conflict does take place, it would be best not to create negative memories on a special day.

4. Host the Meeting

When you sit down with your family to hold the meeting, make sure to follow the agenda you have created so that you discuss everything that you want to. After your initial meeting, you may need to hold follow-up meetings, especially if you make any changes to your legal documents after a birth or death in the family. You may also want to encourage your family members to create their own estate plans.

If you want to make sure that your estate is properly planned, your assets are accounted for, and your loved ones are properly prepared to carry out your wishes, please Contact Bill Hesch, attorney, CPA, and financial planner today.

Bill Hesch is a CPA, PFS (Personal Financial Specialist), and attorney licensed in Ohio and Kentucky who helps clients with their financial and estate planning. He also practices elder law, corporate law, Medicaid planning, tax law, and probate in the Greater Cincinnati and Northern Kentucky areas. His practice area includes Hamilton County, Butler County, Warren County, and Clermont County in Ohio, and Campbell County, Kenton County, and Boone County in Kentucky.

(Legal Disclaimer: Bill Hesch submits this blog to provide general information about the firm and its services. Information in this blog is not intended as legal advice, and any person receiving information on this page should not act on it without consulting professional legal counsel. While at times Bill Hesch may render an opinion, Bill Hesch does not offer legal advice through this blog. Bill Hesch does not enter into an attorney-client relationship with any online reader via online contact.)

Top 3. Estate Planning Docs. Can Devastate-Pt. 4

The Top 3 Reasons How Online Estate Planning Documents Can Devastate Your Family and Leave Them In Financial Ruin – Money Can Be A Curse!!

Reason 1: The Pitfalls of Not Getting Legal Advice from an Attorney Can Cause Your Estate Plan to be Defective Because of Wrong Heirs, Wasteful Spending, and Worthless Investments

Arguably one of the biggest reasons why online estate planning documents can devastate your family’s estate plan and leave them in financial ruin is because you don’t get legal advice with do-it-yourself documents.  What most people don’t realize is that the value of an estate plan isn’t just in the documents – it’s in the advice and counsel you get from your estate planning lawyer.  An estate planning lawyer can identify issues that are unique to your financial and personal life that will affect your estate plan.  Some of those issues might include: blended families, predeceased beneficiaries, family drug/alcohol problems, problems with the in-laws, careless spending, worthless investments, and Medicaid planning opportunities. Part I, Part II, and Part III of this series addressed the concerns you might have if the wrong heirs inherited your estate, concerns you might have with wasteful spending and worthless investments, and concerns with outliving your money.  This blog, which addresses the last part of Reason 1, will present an unfortunate, but all too common case study on how do-it-yourself documents can ruin your estate plan.

Part IV.  Don’t get false peace of mind! A case study on how do-it-yourself documents can ruin your estate plan!

Kim’s Financial Situation

Kim is a resident of Ohio.  She is 72 years old, widowed, retired, and has two independent adult children.  Her estate consists of two main assets: a large retirement account and a $75,000 checking account.  When Kim set up her retirement account many years ago, she listed her husband as the beneficiary but never updated it when he passed away.  She also added her son as a joint owner on her checking account to help pay her bills.

Kim’s Plan

Like most people from Kim’s generation, Kim does not like talking about end of life planning with her children and thinks lawyers are a waste of money.  She decides to use a popular do-it-yourself legal website to set up her estate plan.  Kim recently heard a statistic that 80% of lottery winners go broke within 18 months.  She wants to limit the amount her two children inherit to annual payments over ten years to avoid wasteful spending and bad investments.  She also knows that she wants her children to inherit everything equally and she wants to avoid probate to save money and keep her finances private.

Kim’s Online Documents

Kim decides to implement a Trust in her estate plan because a Trust will satisfy all of those concerns.  Her Trust ultimately provides that her two children shall receive equal distributions of her Trust assets in annual installments for ten years.  The website also suggests that Kim needs to implement a Last Will and Testament.  She executes a Will and Trust which simply lists her two children as equal beneficiaries.  Kim feels confident that her “basic” website documents were done properly and can’t understand why anyone would spend the money to consult with a lawyer.  She puts her executed documents in a desk drawer and never thinks about them again.

What Happened When Kim Died

A few years later, Kim passes away.  Her deceased husband is still listed as the primary beneficiary of her retirement account and no contingent beneficiary is listed.  Her son is also still a joint owner on her checking account.  While cleaning out Kim’s house, her children discover Kim’s Will and Trust.  They consult with an estate planning attorney to find out how they need to proceed.  The attorney tells the two children that the Will and Trust are valid.  He further explains that any assets titled in the name of the Trust would have passed equally to the two children over ten years pursuant to the terms of the Trust.

The attorney indicates that Kim’s Will governs all probate assets which are owned in Kim’s name individually.  Such assets will have to pass through probate and will be distributed to the two children outright, pursuant to the terms in the Will.

After reviewing Kim’s assets, the attorney determines that the retirement account will pass to the children outright under the Will through probate because the account has no living designated beneficiary.  He also concludes that the checking account will not pass under Kim’s Will through probate at all, but will rather pass to the joint-owner child individually.  The attorney confirms that the Trust does not hold or will not hold any of her assets and it will not govern how her estate is to be administered.

Kim’s Estate Plan Flaws

In this example, Kim tried to accomplish her estate planning goals to make things easier for her family, but she ultimately failed to properly memorialize her wishes in several different ways:

  • She does not avoid probate. By failing to remove her deceased husband and failing to add her Trust as beneficiary of her retirement account, her estate becomes the beneficiary of the account, resulting in probate. When an estate is probated, it becomes public record.
  • Failing to review and update her retirement account beneficiaries resulted in her children inheriting her retirement account outright rather than in Trust over ten years. If Kim had named the Trust as the beneficiary of her retirement account (no probate) or named the Trust as the sole heir under her Will, her retirement account would have been owned by her Trust rather than by her children outright.
  • Her children will not inherit her estate equally. Kim added her son to her checking account for convenience purposes but failed to provide that the account would be payable on death to her children equally.  What seemed like a simple means of convenience for Kim ended up with a $37,500 inequality for her one child who inherited none of the checking account.
  • Kim wasted money using online documents. She tried to save money using online documents, but she ultimately paid for a Trust that was never used and her estate plan failed because none of her goals were accomplished.

In conclusion, Kim got a false sense of peace of mind by preparing her own documents.  If she had met with an estate planning attorney, she would have received invaluable advice on how to avoid probate and make sure that her estate plan was set up properly.  Her attorney would have also identified the estate flaws detailed above.  Unfortunately, Kim’s example is all too common in the estate planning world.  What should have been a fairly simple estate plan turned out to be something completely different than what she wanted.

Bill Hesch is an attorney, CPA, and PFS (Personal Financial Specialist) who is licensed in Ohio and Kentucky and helps clients get peace of mind with their tax, financial, and estate planning.  He focuses his practice in the areas of elder law, corporate law, Medicaid planning, tax law, estate planning, and probate in the Greater Cincinnati and Northern Kentucky areas.  His practice area includes Hamilton County, Butler County, Warren County, and Clermont County in Ohio, and Campbell County, Kenton County, and Boone County in Kentucky.

(Legal Disclaimer:  Bill Hesch submits this blog to provide general information about the firm and its services.  Information in this blog is not intended as legal advice, and any person receiving information on this page should not act on it without consulting professional legal counsel.  While at times Bill Hesch may render an opinion, Bill Hesch does not offer legal advice through this blog.  Bill Hesch does not enter into an attorney-client relationship with any online reader via online contact.)

What Should You Do When a Loved One Passes Away

If you are dealing with the death of a loved one, it can be a very difficult time for you and your family. Not only can it be difficult for you to mourn the loss, but you may also be unsure of the steps you need to take in the days and weeks following the death. This article can help identify what steps you should take following the death of a loved one.

One important thing to remember is that you should not try to do everything by yourself. When people ask what they can do to help, take advantage of their offer. Therefore, the first thing you should do is contact the immediate family.

Continue reading “What Should You Do When a Loved One Passes Away”

Probate Attorney

Probate 101: All You Need to Know

Whether you’re sitting on a fortune or only possess a few family heirlooms worth more sentimental value than cash, your estate will go through probate after you die. With the help of a good probate attorney, your assets are protected and your possessions end up where you want them to be. Without a basic understanding of the probate process, it’s tough to understand exactly where your money and belongings will go after you die.

Continue reading “Probate Attorney”

Frequent Flyer Obstacles | Hesch Law

Overcoming Obstacles

Frequent flyer miles can be very beneficial if you love to vacation or need to regularly travel for work. If you have spent countless dollars building up your frequent flyer miles, you would probably want unused miles to become a part of your estate in the event of your death. However, there are many obstacles that need to be considered before your heirs and beneficiaries can take your miles outright.

Continue reading “Frequent Flyer Obstacles | Hesch Law”

Virtual Assets

Estate planning typically involves implementing a strategy of how you will dispose of your physical assets upon your death. Physical assets can include a home, jewelry, furniture, and automobiles.

However, in today’s high-tech world, some of your assets probably cannot be physically accounted for. These assets can exist online, such as if you have an internet business, a blog that generates income from ads, frequent flyer miles, or a cloud depository for precious family photos. Such assets may continue to accrue untouched income for years or disappear altogether, simply because your heirs and beneficiaries don’t know they exist or don’t know where to access them.

Continue reading “Virtual Assets”

Checking Accounts and Estate Planning | Hesch Law

For purposes of the probate court, there are two different types of property. The first is “non-probate” property, which includes assets like life insurance policies, 401(k) plans, joint deeds of trust, and other assets with named beneficiaries or automatic survivorship rights. The unique feature about this non-probate property is that it passes to a beneficiary outside the court system when the owner of the asset passes away. All other property is considered “probate” property. Probate property must pass through the probate court upon death of the owner. It is important to understand that property as simple as a checking account can end up as either type of property, depending on the structure of the account.

Continue reading “Checking Accounts and Estate Planning | Hesch Law”